Asian studies in the Nordic region: Status, relevance, prospects

  • Stig Toft Madsen Университет Копенгагена, Остер Фаримагсгаде, 5, ДК-1353, Копенгаген, Дания

Аннотация

Статья посвящена истории, актуальному состоянию и перспективам азиатских исследований в Cкандинавском регионе. Отправной точкой исследования можно считать инцидент недавнего закрытия нескольких языковых дисциплин в Копенгагенском университете Дании. В статье рассматриваются азиатские исследования в Швеции, Норвегии, Финляндии и Исландии с учетом университетского финансирования, предпочтений студентов и сотрудничества с правительствами стран Азии. Кроме того, затронут вопрос об актуальности азиатских исследований в регионе: проанализированы три иллюстративные «виньетки», касающиеся образовательной роли музеев в Дании и России, уязвимые общества Крайнего Севера, разнообразные предпосылки для экспедиции Королевства Дании в Аравию в XVIII в., вопрос о полезности обширного паневразийского знания, которое развивают орнитологи. Утверждается идея о том, что, культивируя частные и общие знания о прошлом и настоящем, исследователи Aзиатского региона могут противодействовать истощению и искажению знаний, а также вносить свой вклад в развитие различных экономических и политических интересов.

Ключевые слова:

aзиатские исследования, региональные исследования, изучение языков, Северная Европа, Дания, Норвегия, Швеция, Финляндия, Исландия, Россия, Сибирь, финансирование университетов, музеи

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока недоступны.
 

Литература

Danmarks Radio. Dansk Industri: Vi har brug for de små sprog i dansk erhvervsliv [Confederation of Danish Industry: We Need Minor Languages in Danish Business], 8 November 2016. Available at: https://www.dr.dk/nyheder/regionale/hovedstadsomraadet/dansk-industri-vi-har-brug-de-smaa-sprog-i-dansk-erhvervsliv (accessed: 9.4.2018).

Københavns Universitet. Sparekniv rammer små fag [Small Disciplines Are Hit by Budgetary Cuts], 18 January 2016. Available at: http://nyheder.ku.dk/alle_nyheder/2016/01/sparekniv_rammer_smaa_fag/ (accessed: 9.4.2018).

Jacobsen B. A., Roesen T. (eds.). Småfag på ToRS: En Hvidbog om små optag, gode uddannelser, store forskningsbidrag, og strategisk nødvendig viden [Small Disciplines within Cross-cultural and Regional Studies: White Paper on Limited Intake, Solid Teaching, Major Research Contributions, and Strategically Necessary Knowledge]. Institut for Tværkulturelle og Regionale Studier, Københavns Universitet, 2016, p. 82. Available at: http://www.e-pages.dk/ku/1256/html5/ (accessed: 09.04.2018).

Rossander L. Student Counsellor fighting for Eastern European Studies. University Post, 9 February 2017. Available at: https://uniavisen.dk/en/student-counsellor-fighting-for-eastern-european-studies/ (accessed: 09.04.2018).

Mikkelsen M. Danmark kritiseres for brud på løfte om kulturarv [Denmark criticized for not Honouring Pledge about Cultural Heritage]. Kristeligt Dagblad, 22. May 2018, p. 1.

Udvalg om bedre universitetsuddannelser, Universitetsuddannelser til fremtiden [Higher Education for the Future]. University Uddannelses- og Forskningsministeriet, March 2018, p. 450. Available at: https://ufm.dk/publikationer/2018/filer/rapport-universitetsuddannelser-til-fremtiden.pdf (accessed: 09.04.2018).

Haberland H. Domains and domain loss. Eds B. Preisler, A. Fabricius, H. Haberland, S. Kjærbeck, and K. Risager. The Consequences of Mobility: Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones. Roskilde: Roskilde Universitet, 2005, pp. 227–237.

Knudsen A. Analfabetiseringens velsignelser [The Blessings of Illiteracy]. Weekendavisen, 24 May 2017, p. 10 (Books), review of Lisbeth Verstraete-Hansen and Per Øhrgaard, Sprogløse verdensborgere. Om en uddannelsespolitik, der forsvandt, Jurist- og Økonomforbundet.

Tulinius B. Dårlige sprogkundskaber koster Danmark ordrer [Lack of Language Skills Hurts the Danish Economy]. Kristeligt Dagblad, 18 May 2017, p. 3, review of Lisbeth Verstraete-Hansen and Per Øhrgaard, Sprogløse verdensborgere. Om en uddannelsespolitik, der forsvandt, København, Jurist- og Økonomforbundet.

Dalsgaard A. Aarhus vil stoppe sprogdøden [Aarhus Intends to Stop Language Death]. Magisterbladet 2, February 2018, p. 22–23. Available at: https://dm.dk/FagligUdvikling/FagOgForskning/KulturSprogOgKomm/AArhusVilStoppeSprogdoeden (accessed: 09.04.2018).

University of Helsinki. The University of Helsinki terminates 570 employees. Overall staff cuts total 980, 27 Januar 2016. Available at: https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/the-university-of-helsinki-terminates-570-employees-overall-staff-cuts-total-980 (accessed: 09.04.2018)

Helsingfors Universitet, Huvudansökan våren 2016 [Applications for Admission, Spring 2016]. Available at: https://www.helsinki.fi/sites/default/files/atoms/files/statistik-huvudansokan-2016.pdf (accessed: 09.04.2018).

NNC Conference, Nordic NIAS Council, Nordic Asian Studies in the 21st Century — Stocktaking for the Future, 7–9 November 2016. Available at: https://noasc2016.sciencesconf.org/resource/page/id/10 (accessed: 09.04.2018).

Ilkama I. M. En stille død for sanskrit i Norge [The Quiet Death of Sanskrit in Norway], 15 December 2017. Religioner.no. Available at: http://religioner.no/meninger/dod-sanskrit-norge/ (accessed: 09.04.2018).

Hermitage Museum. Jacob Reichel: Medallist, Collector, Scholar. Exhibition 2002-3. Available at: https://www.hermitagemuseum.org/wps/portal/hermitage/what-s-on/temp_exh/1999_2013/hm4_1_47/?lng=en

Jensen Jørgen Steen. Christian Jürgensen Thomsen og Etnografisk Samling set fra Sankt Petersborg [Christian Jürgensen Thomsen and Etnografisk Samling as Seen from Saint Petersburg]. Jordens Folk, 1999, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 17–20.

Schnohr J. Frederik den Tredjes kunstkammer genopstår [The Kunstkammer of Frederick III Is Resurrected”]. Kristeligt Dagblad, 28. November 2017, p. 6.

Bruun R. Russisk vinter hos Bruun Rasmusen. Ruslands økonomiske fremgang og voksende nationalfølelse øger interessen for russisk kunst og antikviteter [Russian Winter at Bruun Rasmussen: Economic Progress and Growing Nationalism Increase Interest in Russian Art and Antiquities], 25 September 2015. Available at: https://bruun-rasmussen.dk/m/news/1243a (accessed: 10.4.2018).

Geografisk Tidsskrift. Nationalmuseets Etnografiske Samling 1936 [The Ethnographical Collections of the National Museum 1936], 1937, vol. 40, no. 1. Available at: https://tidsskrift.dk/geografisktidsskrift/article/view/48139/60731 (accessed: 10.04.2018).

Krupnik I., Mikhailova E. Landscapes, Face and Memories: Eskimo Photography of Aleksandr Forshtein, 1927–1929. Alaska Journal of Anthropology, 2017, vol. 4, nos 1–2, pp. 92–112. Available at: http://www.alaskaanthropology.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Vol_4_1-2-Article-7-Krupnik-Mikhailova.pdf. Russian version available at http://anthropologie.kunstkamera.ru/files/pdf/004/04_07_krupnik-mikhailova.pdf (accessed: 18.06.2018).

Knudsen A. Een mand med sisu [A Singular Man with Sisu]. Weekendavisen, 28 April 2017, p. 3 (Kultur).

Willerslev R. Soul Hunters: Hunting, Animism and Personhood among the Siberian Yukaghirs. Berkeley, University of California Press, 2007.

Bennike Ch. Måske er vi selv de døde [Possibly We Have Died Already], Information, 2 July 2016.

Raina D. After Exceptionalism and Heritage: Thinking through Histories of Knowledge, pp. 25–38. Brentjes S., T. Edis and L. Richter-Bernburg (eds), 1001 Distortions. How (not) to Narrate History of Science, Medicine and Technology in Non-Western Cultures. Bibliotheca Academica, Reihe Orientalistik, vol. 25, Würzburg, Ergon Verlag, 2016.

Willerslev R. På flugt i Sibirien. Zobeljagt, russisk mafia og 65 minusgrader [On the Run in Siberia: Sable Hunting, the Russian Mafia, and 65 Degree below Freezing Point]. København, Gyldenda, 2015.

Kvale K. Publikum først [The Audience Has Priority]. Weekendavisen, 24. November 2017, pp. 10–11 (Kultur).

Fugl M. Indiana Jones in Nationalmuseet [Indiana Jones at the National Museum]. Ældre Sagen, October 2017, pp. 26–29.

Eriksen J. Ch. Danskerne vil uddø med lukkede grænser [The Danes Will Go Extinct if Borders Are Closed]. Politiken, 29. October 2016. Available at: https://politiken.dk/debat/article5648656.ece (accessed: 10.04.2018).

Kvale K. Vildmanden i rigsvåbnet [The Wild Man in the Coat of Arms]. Weekendavisen, 23, February 2018, p. 3 (Kultur).

Mikkelsen M. Frygten for at kede præger museer [The Fear of Being Boring Characterizes the Museums]. Kristeligt Dagblad, 10. March 2018, p. 1.

Harbsmeier M. Niebuhr in Posterity. Anne Haslund Hansen (ed.), Arrivals. The Life of the Royal Danish Expedition to Arabia 1767–2017. København, Forlaget Vandkunsten and Nationalmuseet, 2017.

Baack L. J. The ‘extraordinary’ Expedition to Arabia: What does it mean for us today? Anne Haslund Hansen (ed.), Arrivals. The Life of the Royal Danish Expedition to Arabia 1767–2017. København, Forlaget Vandkunsten and Nationalmuseet, 2017, pp. 119–124.

Skovgaard-Petersen J. Islam og oplysningstiden [Islam and the Age of Enlightenment], lecture at Danish Institute of International Studies, 16. February 2017. Available at: http://conferencemanager.events/Islamogoplysningstiden/arrangementet.html (accessed: 10.04.2018).

Hess J. M. Johann David Michaelis and the Colonial Imaginary: Orientalism and the Emergence of Racial Antisemitism in Eighteenth-Century Germany. Jewish Social Studies, 2000, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 56–101.

Friis I. Michaelis’ Hundred Questions and the Royal Instructions — The Research Programme of the Royal Danish Expedition to Arabia. Anne Haslund Hansen (ed.), Arrivals. The Life of the Royal Danish Expedition to Arabia 1767–2017. København, Forlaget Vandkunsten and Nationalmuseet, 2017, pp. 93–116.

Fowles J. The Magus, revised edition. New York, Random House, 1985.

Magaard T. Desiderata. Tidsskrift for Islamforskning [Deciderata. The Journal for Islamic Studies]. Tidsskrift for Islamforskning, 2016, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 117–133.

Subrahmanyam S. One Asia, or Many? Reflections from connected history. Modern Asian Studies, 2016, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 5–43.

Douki C., MinardPh. Global History, Connected Histories: A Shift of Historiographical Scale? Revue d’histoire modern et contemporaine, 2007, no. 5, pp. 7–21. English version at Available at: https://www.cairn-int.info/article-E_RHMC_545_0007--global-history-connected-histories.htm (accessed: 10.04.2018).

Gulløv H. C., Olsen P. E., Brimnes N., Hernæs P., Pedersen M. V., Gøbel E. (eds.). Danmark og kolonierne: Danmark, Grønland, Vestindien, Vestafrika, Indien [Denmark and the Colonies: Denmark, Greenland, West Indies, West Africa, India], 5 vols. Copenhagen, Gads Forlag.

Djurfeldt G. Asieninstitutet i blåsväder [Asia Institute in Rough Weather]. Sydasien, 1986, no. 2, p. 26.

Norden, Assessment Report for the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies NIAS. NordForsk, Oslo, 2015. Available at: https://www.nordforsk.org/files/reports/nias-report (accessed: 10.04.2018)

Nordiska Ministerrådet. Ministerrådsforslag om gradvis utfasing av den direkte finansieringen av de nordiske samarbeidsorganene [Nordic Council of Ministers Proposes a Gradual Phasing Out of Direct Support to Nordic Research Partners], 2017. Available at: https://www.norden.org/en/nordic-council/cases-and-documents/b-321-kultur, Document B 321_kultur.pdf (accessed: 10.04.2018).

Eggen N. S. From Handmaiden of Theology to Handmaiden of Area Studies: Philological Approaches to Arabic-Islamic Studies in Norway. Ingvild Flaskerud and Oddbjørn Leirvik (eds.). Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, in press.
Опубликован
2018-09-20
Как цитировать
Madsen, S. T. (2018). Asian studies in the Nordic region: Status, relevance, prospects. Вестник Санкт-Петербургского университета. Востоковедение и африканистика, 10(3), 392-404. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu13.2018.308
Раздел
История науки